The Discovery of the Egyptian Duat, Temple of the Sun, and lost city of Heliopolis in West Africa by Professor Catherine Acholonu

In December, 2012, under the resourceful organization of the Honourable Commissioner for Culture and Tourism, Enugu State, Barrister Joe Mmamel, a team of ten African American Tourists visited various parts of the Enugu State under the Ebo Landing Project. The project was designed by Professor Catherine Acholonu and Sidney Louis Davis of Catherine Acholonu Research Center, Abuja.

THE DISCOVERY in partnership with NAGAS International Consortium Inc., USA and Ebo Landing Incorporated, USA. The 2012 Ebo Landing tourism trip was facilitated by the Honorable Minister of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, Chief Edem Duke who personally wrote letters to four State governors in the Federation urging them to play host to the Tourists. Ebo Landing was born out of the growing need by DNA tested African Americans, 85% of which are of Igbo extraction, to return ‘home’ to Igbo land and support the course of development in the home country.

The team visited various tourist sites in Enugu State including the Institute for African Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN), which led an excursion trip to the Prehistoric Iron smelting site in Lejja in Nsukka. The Lejja visit proved to be a most auspicious event, for it exposed the visitors to the world’s oldest iron smelting technology lying unknown and unsung in Enugu State, South-Eastern region of Nigeria. The Head of the UNN Institute of African Studies Professor S.M. Onuigbo informed the visitors that the Lejja prehistoric iron smelting site was recently dated 2,000 B.C. by the Oxford University laboratory in UK, and that this date confirms Lejja as the oldest iron smelting site in the world! The international visitors led by researchers Professor Catherine Acholonu and Sidney Louis Davis, initiators of the Ebo Landing project, therefore made a fervent plea to the Hon Commissioner for Culture and Tourism, that the government of Enugu State and the Federal Republic of Nigeria should quickly see to it that the Lejja iron smelting technology should be made known to the world, being the only physical proof that Africa was the origin of world civilization! They promised to join hands with the government and people of Enugu state in spreading the word worldwide, and by so doing initiate global tourism to Enugu state.

The Follow-Up Trip to Lejja:

Subsequently in January 2013, a combined team of international researchers from the Institute for African Studies UNN the Catherine Acholonu Research Center, Enugu South-Eastern zonal office visited the Lejja site for the second time to critically examine what is there.1 The research team who undertook this follow-up reconnaissance trip was made up of Professor S.M. Onuigbo, Head of the Institute of African Studies, UNN, Dr. Chukwuma Opata, Department of History and International Studies, UNN, Sidney Louis Davis, Fellow of the Catherine Acholonu Research Center (CARC), Professor Damian Opata, Department of English and Professor Catherine Acholonu, Head CARC. That visit opened the floodgates of knowledge, throwing up more than enough physical evidence that Prof Onuigbo, Head of the Institute of African Studies, who led the team; Professor Catherine Acholonu – Director, Catherine Acholonu Research Center, Abuja; Professor Damian Opata – Department of Literature, UNN; Dr. Sidney Louis Davis – Catherine Acholonu Research Center; Dr. Chukwuma Opata, Department of History, UNN.

(Professor Catherine Acholonu)


Lejja is housing the most ancient and most world-renowned Shrine of antiquity – a shrine known in all world mythologies as the Egyptian ‘Temple of the Sun’. Ancient Egyptian records say that the ‘Temple of the Sun’ is located in Heliopolis – ‘City of the Sun’ – a city lost in antiquity; which means that to find the Temple of the Sun is to find Egypt’s lost city of Heliopolis – the world’s most famous city of mythology – a city dedicated to the Olden God Amun/Atum-Ra, the Father of all Gods and Creator of men.
Lejja/Nsukka - The World’s Oldest Prehistoric Iron-smelting Technology Lejja is located in Old Nsukka division in Enugu State, in Igbo land, South-Eastern geopolitical zone of Nigeria in West Africa. It is one of the many communities in Old Nsukka that have evidence of Prehistoric iron smelting up to industrial proportions. Evidence abounds in these communities that a vast industry of iron smelting thrived in Old Nsukka involving entire populations of several communities. In these communities which include Orba, Opi, Umundu, Owerri-Elu, Eha, Agu, Isiakpu, Eguru, archaeologists have found evidence of prehistoric mining of iron ore as well as local furnaces used for smelting. Huge amounts of tuyere, charcoal and iron slag litter the villages, hills and streams, attesting that in the dim past, these villages and towns had developed a thriving iron smelting technology, and that Lejja, though the oldest by the current dating result, was not an isolated phenomenon in Enugu state.

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